Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the United States. As per the World health Organization, the last half century has seen prevalence of diabetes increasing steadily and is on continuing on rise in population of world. Diabetes is considered as one of main criterion of death in United States.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is the disorder if the metabolic system of the body where body is not able to produce or use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone which is essential for converting sugar, starch and food into energy required by body. Diabetes Mellitus has constant high level of the blood glucose that is harmful. The body has to maintain the level of the blood glucose at very small range. This maintenance work is done by the insulin and glucagon.
Diabetes is of three types:
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
Symptoms of diabetes:
Depending on the type of the diabetes symptoms differ, though certain signs and symptoms are same.
- Fast Weight loss
- Blurry vision
- Poor wound healing
Treatment of Diabetes:
Diabetes is not bacterial infection which can be cured with some medication. Treatment of diabetes is multifold treatment where in Diabetes medications, Diabetes care and Diabetes diet are essential steps for proper treating of diabetes. Diabetes is a disease which suppresses other diseases, it can cause other fatal diseases and cause coma and death.
Taking precautions in day to day life is most essential:
- Monitor blood glucose level
- Exercise regularly
- Carb control
- Weight reduction
- Maintain sugar level in case low have fruit juice etc
- Drink lots of fluids
- If feeling abnormal in any manner contact your doctor immediately
Diabetic Medications are not used for all. If precautions, diet, exercise and ideal body weight is not enough to maintain blood’s sugar level then medication is started. Insulin is also needed in cases of type 1 diabetes where oral medications are ineffective. Insulin syringe and the insulin pump are available. Diabetes medication has to be undertaken as per the advice of the Doctor and must strictly be followed.
Diet in Diabetes:
Diet is the most essential thing to take care of: this is because in diabetes we need to take care of blood sugar level, blood cholesterol level and of the ideal body weight. Diet in diabetes is planned as per the type of diabetes, weight, height, age, sex, and the physical activities of person. Basically eat food which is high in nutrition and low in calories. High fiber is also good but you should have enough carbohydrates that your energy level is also maintained. Having fresh fruits and veggies is best and small meals at regular intervals are keys to maintain the blood sugar level.
Diabetes is chronic disease and is not cured but effectively controlled.